Wind Energy Policies and Incentives

Federal, state, and local regulations govern many aspects of wind energy development. The nature of the project and its location will largely drive the levels of regulation required. Check the DSIRE database of federal and state renewable energy policies and incentives.

In December 2019, Congress passed extensions of the Production Tax Credit (PTC) and Investment Tax Credit (ITC). The PTC provides a tax credit of 1¢–2¢ per kilowatt-hour for the first 10 years of electricity generation for utility-scale wind. The alternative ITC provides a credit for 12%–30% of investment costs at the start of the project. Learn more about the PTC and ITC.

To learn about primary federal incentives for developing and investing in wind power, resources for funding wind power, and opportunities to partner with the U.S. Department of Energy and other federal agencies on efforts to move the U.S. wind industry forward, see Advancing the Growth of the U.S. Wind Industry: Federal Incentives, Funding, and Partnership Opportunities.

Ordinances Database

Wind energy ordinances adopted by counties, towns, and other types of municipalities are one of the best ways for local governments to identify conditions and priorities for all types of wind development. These ordinances regulate aspects of wind projects such as their location, permitting process, and construction. The standards specified in ordinances provide clarity to wind developers and the public. Ordinances may also address issues of community impact such as: land use, noise standards, and safety.

The WINDExchange ordinances database is a collection of U.S. wind energy ordinances at the state and local levels; it is not exhaustive. If you would like to submit a wind energy ordinance that is not represented in the database, please email Frank A. Oteri.

577 results | Download
State
Title
Type of Wind
Date Enacted/Updated
North Carolina Watauga County, North Carolina - Wind Energy Ordinance Both February 2014

Watauga County, North Carolina - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: Feb. 18, 2014

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 19, 2018

Connecticut Waterbury, Connecticut - Wind Energy Ordinance - Section 10.25 Small June 2011

Waterbury, Connecticut - Wind Energy Ordinance - Section 10.25

Date: June 16, 2011

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

Michigan Waterloo, Michigan - Wind Energy Ordinance Small December 2009

Waterloo, Michigan - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: Dec. 15, 2009

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 19, 2018

Minnesota Watertown, Minnesota - Wind Energy Ordinance Small August 2010

Watertown, Minnesota - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: Aug. 9, 2010

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

Texas Weatherford, Texas - Wind Energy Ordinance Small January 2010

Weatherford, Texas - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: Jan. 25, 2010

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

North Dakota Wells County, North Dakota - Wind Energy Ordinance Large June 2009

Wells County, North Dakota - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: June 2, 2009

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 19, 2018

New Jersey West Cape May, New Jersey - Wind Energy Ordinance Small February 2009

West Cape May, New Jersey - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: Feb. 25, 2009

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

Utah West Valley City, Utah - Wind Energy Ordinance - Chapter 7-7-203 Small March 2017

West Valley City, Utah - Wind Energy Ordinance - Chapter 7-7-203

Date: March 16, 2017

Verified by WINDExchange on May 7, 2019

Massachusetts Westport, Massachusetts - Wind Energy Ordinance - Article 17 Both October 2014

Westport, Massachusetts - Wind Energy Ordinance - Article 17

Date: Oct. 6, 2014

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

Indiana White County, Indiana - Wind Energy Ordinance Both August 2008

White County, Indiana - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: Aug. 7, 2008

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 19, 2018

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