Northeast Wind Resource Center
The Northeast Wind Resource Center serves stakeholders in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Contact your resource center to learn more about wind resources, projects, and information in your area.
Focus areas: Offshore wind, land-based wind, and multi-state collaborations. The Northeast states have supportive policies in place, and the wind resource is good on land in the northern part of the region and outstanding offshore throughout the region. The Northeast Wind Resource Center works to incorporate expertise and knowledge from experienced offshore wind policy-makers, financiers, and developers into its outreach efforts.
Success Story: Roadmap Project for Multi-State Cooperation on Offshore Wind Development in the Northeast
In recent years, multiple Northeast states have individually established offshore wind goals pursuing deployment beyond the current 30 megawatts (MW) of total installed capacity in the region to more than 10,000 MW by 2030. Combined with multiple project proposals from developers, this state-level interest in advancing offshore wind has led to an innovative collaborative effort that will facilitate responsible offshore wind deployment in the Northeast: the Roadmap Project for Multi-State Cooperation on Offshore Wind Development.
As part of this effort, three reports published in November 2017 provide insights into offshore wind development in the Northeast and examine the potential economic impacts associated with further growth of this industry. According to Val Stori, project director at the Clean Energy Group/Clean Energy States Alliance, the reports are an extension of work that began with the formation of the Northeast Wind Resource Center, one of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Regional Resource Centers (RRCs). Through the RRC, the Clean Energy Group and its sister organization the Clean Energy States Alliance have worked with state agencies in the region on mechanisms for reducing offshore wind barriers and developing a domestic offshore wind market.
“The RRC was focused on a stakeholder group of four or five states across the Northeast, and we worked very closely with them on offshore wind and cost reduction,” Stori said. “Out of that collaboration came the idea that maybe there are other opportunities to work together.”
In early 2015, the Clean Energy Group, Clean Energy States Alliance, and stakeholders from Northeast states discussed the potential for cooperative action to develop offshore wind at scale to reduce costs. The Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC), the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources, the Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources, and the New York State Energy Research & Development Authority (NYSERDA) agreed to collaborate to develop a roadmap for addressing offshore wind development and reducing the cost of that development. The reports published in November 2017 are a result of this effort.
States can use the following reports to identify opportunities for cooperative actions that can inform offshore wind deployment in the Northeast with a focus on reducing costs.
- Northeast Offshore Wind Regional Market Characterization. This report identifies the opportunities and challenges that will help shape the offshore wind market. The report found that a low regional deployment trajectory could lead to 4,000 MW of offshore wind generation by 2030 off the Atlantic coast of the Northeast. A high regional deployment trajectory could increase the total to nearly 8,000 MW. Additionally, the report provides background information on multiple offshore wind-related topics including interconnection, infrastructure, permitting timelines, electricity markets, and relevant public policies.
- U.S. Job Creation in Offshore Wind. This report quantifies the job impacts of offshore wind development and specifies the types of jobs to be created. The report found that a high market scenario of 8,000 MW of offshore wind by 2030 would yield a peak of more than 16,000 full-time equivalent jobs (e.g., project development and management, supply and installation of electrical substations and subsea cable, and wind farm operation and maintenance) in the United States in 2028. A low market scenario of 4,000 MW would create roughly half as many jobs as the high scenario.
- U.S. Jones Act Compliant Offshore Wind Turbine Installation Vessel Study. The Jones Act (officially the Merchant Marine Act of 1920) requires that all goods transported by water between U.S. ports be carried on U.S.-flag ships, constructed in the United States, owned by U.S. citizens, and crewed by U.S. citizens and U.S. permanent residents. This report examines the functional requirements and costs of constructing purpose-built vessels that would comply with the Jones Act and meet the needs of the U.S. offshore wind industry.
The Roadmap Project was partially funded through a $592,683 grant to NYSERDA from the U.S. Department of Energy’s State Energy Program. The RRC will continue to lead dissemination efforts for this project as it moves forward.