Wind Energy Policies and Incentives

Federal, state, and local regulations govern many aspects of wind energy development. The nature of the project and its location will largely drive the levels of regulation required. Check the DSIRE database of federal and state renewable energy policies and incentives.

In August 2022, Congress passed the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), which extends the Production Tax Credit (PTC) and the Investment Tax Credit (ITC) for wind projects through 2024. Additionally, the IRA adds increased credit amounts and bonus tax incentives to the PTC and ITC for projects that meet specified requirements. In 2025, the standing PTC and ITC will be converted to technology-neutral versions, which will begin phasing out in 2032, or when total power sector greenhouse gas emissions decline to at least 75% below 2022 levels, whichever comes last. Learn more about the PTC and ITC.

To learn about primary federal incentives for developing and investing in wind power, resources for funding wind power, and opportunities to partner with the U.S. Department of Energy and other federal agencies on efforts to move the U.S. wind industry forward, see Advancing the Growth of the U.S. Wind Industry: Federal Incentives, Funding, and Partnership Opportunities.

Ordinances Database

Wind energy ordinances adopted by counties, towns, and other types of municipalities are one of the best ways for local governments to identify conditions and priorities for all types of wind development. These ordinances regulate aspects of wind projects such as their location, permitting process, and construction. The standards specified in ordinances provide clarity to wind developers and the public. Ordinances may also address issues of community impact such as: land use, noise standards, and safety.

The WINDExchange ordinances database is a collection of U.S. wind energy ordinances at the state and local levels; it is not exhaustive. If you would like to submit a wind energy ordinance that is not represented in the database, please email Laura Carter.

567 results | Download
State
Title
Type of Wind
Date Enacted/Updated
Maryland Maryland Counties with Wind Energy Ordinances May 2019

Maryland Counties with Wind Energy Ordinances

Date: May 6, 2019

Verified by WINDExchange on May 6, 2019

Tennessee Tennessee - State Minimum Requirements for Wind Energy April 2018

Tennessee - State Minimum Requirements for Wind Energy

Date: April 24, 2018

Verified by WINDExchange on May 7, 2019

South Dakota Pennington County, South Dakota - Wind Energy Ordinance - Section 317 Both October 2012

Pennington County, South Dakota - Wind Energy Ordinance - Section 317

Date: Oct. 10, 2012

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

Pennsylvania Paint Township, Pennsylvania - Wind Energy Ordinance Both August 2018

Paint Township, Pennsylvania - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: Aug. 7, 2018

Verified by WINDExchange on May 18, 2019

Washington Pacific County, Washington, Wind Energy Systems Ordinance Both March 2011

Pacific County, Washington, Wind Energy Systems Ordinance

Date: March 3, 2011

Verified by WINDExchange on June 27, 2023

Michigan Billings Township, Michigan - Wind Energy Ordinance - Section 11.02 Both March 2008

Billings Township, Michigan - Wind Energy Ordinance - Section 11.02

Date: March 5, 2008

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

Washington Whatcom County, Washington, Wind Energy Systems Ordinance Both May 2023

Whatcom County, Washington, Wind Energy Systems Ordinance

Date: May 9, 2023

Verified by WINDExchange on June 27, 2023

California Santa Cruz County, California - Wind Energy Ordinance Both January 1983

Santa Cruz County, California - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: Jan. 31, 1983

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

Massachusetts Dennis, Massachusetts - Wind Energy Ordinance - Section 11 Both October 2016

Dennis, Massachusetts - Wind Energy Ordinance - Section 11

Date: Oct. 18, 2016

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

Nebraska Saline County, Nebraska - Wind Energy Ordinance Both July 2010

Saline County, Nebraska - Wind Energy Ordinance

Date: July 10, 2010

Verified by WINDExchange on Jan. 18, 2018

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